Ocean Acidification

The Urgent Need to Combat Ocean Acidification and Protect Marine Life

5 minutes, 41 seconds Read

I’ve seen it firsthand, the alarming rate at which our oceans are becoming more acidic. It’s a silent crisis that’s creeping up on us, with devastating potential for our marine ecosystems. Ocean acidification, a direct result of increased carbon dioxide (CO2) emission, is a pressing issue that needs our immediate attention.

We’re in a race against time to mitigate this growing threat. It’s not just about the survival of coral reefs or shellfish; it’s about the overall health of our oceans and, ultimately, our planet. The urgency of addressing ocean acidification can’t be overstated.

Understanding the gravity of this issue is the first step towards making a difference. Let’s dive deeper into the causes, effects, and potential solutions to ocean acidification. Together, we can turn the tide and ensure a healthier future for our oceans.

What is Ocean Acidification?

Ocean acidification is a significant environmental issue that’s rapidly escalating. Remarkably, it’s a simple process to understand. It all starts when the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere increases. This excess CO2 gets absorbed by the planet’s oceans. More than a quarter of the CO2 that we humans release into the atmosphere ultimately ends up in the oceans. Consequently, this results in a conversion process where CO2 merges with seawater to form carbonic acid. It’s this carbonic acid that leads to increased acidity in the oceans.

Furthermore, the formation of carbonic acid doesn’t end there. After forming, it immediately disintegrates into hydrogen ions and bi – carbonate ions. This increase in hydrogen ions is essentially what raises the PH levels in the water, making it more acidic.

Noticeably, ocean acidification isn’t a phenomenon that happens overnight. It’s a gradual process that has been taking place over centuries. However, the spike in our carbon emissions over the past few decades has expedited this process.

It’s crucial to remember that the oceans are not static entities. They’re constantly moving, dynamically interacting with the Earth’s atmosphere. This movement, in turn, affects the distribution and dilution of acidity in various parts of the oceans.

Although the overall global average PH of the oceans has only dropped slightly, from 8.2 to 8.1 in the past 200 years, this still represents a 26% increase in acidity. To put this into perspective:

PeriodAverage Ocean PHIncrease in Acidity %

Thus, ocean acidification is a grave concern that requires our immediate attention, understanding its process is the first step towards addressing it. Our inaction could potentially tip the delicate balance of our marine ecosystems, resulting in irreversible damage to our planet. Let’s delve deeper into how exactly ocean acidification affects marine life, which will be discussed in the following subsection.

Causes of Ocean Acidification

Ocean acidification is a menacing global issue and its primary cause can be traced back to human activities. Crucially, it’s the surge in carbon emissions caused by industrialisation and deforestation that’s primarily guilty. The oceans are like massive carbon sinks that absorb nearly a quarter of the CO2 humans release into the atmosphere. When carbon dioxide manages to dissolve in seawater, what results is a chemical reaction that forms carbonic acid, thus heightening the water’s acidic levels.

Apart from the main antagonist, carbon dioxide, other causes take part in this grim play too. Let’s delve into these perpetrators.

Burning of Fossil Fuels

The burning of fossil fuels for energy production is a remarkable contributor to ocean acidification. Fossil fuels like oil, coal, and natural gas are rich in carbon content. When burnt, they release large amounts of CO2 into the atmosphere, exacerbating ocean acidification.


Significantly, deforestation plays a substantial role in the acidification of our oceans. Forests are like nature’s lungs, absorbing CO2 from the atmosphere. When these green lungs are destroyed, not only does the carbon absorption capacity of the planet diminish, but the destruction process also releases additional CO2, further intensifying ocean acidification.

Industrial Processes

Industrial processes, often overlooked, are huge contributors to ocean acidification. Many industries release waste gases that contain heavy loads of carbon dioxide, which, of course, end up in our atmosphere and subsequently in our oceans.

These ’causes’ might seem quite enormous and insurmountable. However, by recognising them, we’ve taken the first step towards possible solutions to the ocean acidification crisis. Now, it’s time to dive deeper into the ramifications of ocean acidification on marine organisms and ecosystems.

Impacts of Ocean Acidification

Ocean Acidification doesn’t just create exceptionally acidic water. It’s exponentially escalating its damaging impacts on diverse marine life. The list is long – it includes coral reefs, shellfish, and even large marine species like sharks, whales, and dolphins.

Coral reefs are homes to various marine organisms, providing food and protection. Increased acidity, however, begins to dissolve the calcium carbonate compounds from which corals and shellfish derive their structure.

Allow me to share some numbers demonstrating the extent of this impact:

SpeciesImpact on Growth by Acidification
Coral Reefs25-50%
ClamMortality Rate at 80% when pH 7.4 reached

Notice the pattern? Coral reefs encounter an average drop in growth by 25-50% due to ocean acidification. Shellfish like oysters, scallops, and clams also suffer significant setbacks – and in extreme cases can end up with mortality rates as high as 80% on reaching a pH of 7.4.

Large marine species are indirectly influenced. An imbalance in the fish population influences their food chain. Ultimately it may lead to severe consequences, including but not limited to, their extinction.

It’s not just about marine life. It affects me, it affects you, it affects us all. The economic, cultural, and ecosystem values of our oceans are at risk too. In short, our lives revolve around our ocean’s health.

Seafood is a critical source of protein for billions of people globally. Ocean acidification, however, threatens the seafood industry with novel risks and threats.

The threats to our fisheries, coastal culture, and economies are on the verge of becoming serious and irreversible if we don’t act now. We just have to understand the depth of this issue. Millions of livelihoods that directly or indirectly depend on our oceans are at stake. So, let’s not underestimate the impacts of ocean acidification.

Current Efforts to Address Ocean Acidification

It’s clear that ocean acidification is a pressing issue. The devastating impacts on marine life, including the potential for species extinction, are alarming. The threat to our fisheries and coastal economies is real and urgent.

But there’s hope. Steps are being taken to mitigate these effects and protect our oceans. From scientific research to policy changes, efforts are underway to address this global problem.

However, these actions need to be amplified. It’s not just about saving marine life or our seafood industry. It’s about preserving our planet and our future.

So, let’s not ignore the urgency of this issue. Let’s take action. Let’s protect our oceans, our marine life, and our future. Because the time to address ocean acidification is now.